Torrent O Ouro De Mackenna Dublado Torrent
Sinopse de O Ouro de Mackenna (Mackenna’s Gold, 1969) by Rubens Ewald Filho no Tv Escolha da RedeTV em 2000.
 After the fall of the Reconquista of Spain, the cross was widely used in the Netherlands, Portugal and Portugal-Galicia.
One of the reasons is that the churches there were destroyed or burned down during the religious wars, and there were not enough building materials to build new temples.
As a rule, the cross was placed on the roof of the church. The strengthening of religion, the seizure of new territories and the desire to acquire a new religion created a need for the cross as an organizational means of overcoming these circumstances.
Another impetus for the spread of crosses was the mass conversion to Christianity of the gypsies, who often hid their faith under the guise of Catholicism. Their commitment to Christianity was evident by the fact that they wore crosses on their chests. This circumstance caused discontent of the Inquisition, and she had to resort to some preventive measures.
The Spanish authorities also encouraged the spread of the cross, albeit with great disapproval. For example, in 1220, Pope Innocent III forbade people to be buried under a cross.
In 1355, King Ferdinand of Aragon issued an edict forbidding the depiction of two fingers. As a result, both secular and religious conflicts arose. In 1349, Portugal and Spain united into a single centralized regime under the leadership of Ferdinand II.
The Habsburgs (in Central and Northern Europe), united by the political and religious idea of â€‹â€‹â€‹â€‹founding an empire, often patronized Christians hiding from persecution for missionary purposes.
A large number of these fugitives settled in Spain, where they became Christians and received Christian names. Since a huge number of Spanish settlers could have names that were harmonious and easy to pronounce, the Spaniards began to call them not by names, but by nicknames, for example: Don Pedro in exile – Don Pedrus, Don Esteban in exile – Don of Iberia, etc. During the XVI in. Spain, along with other European states, was one of the first countries to allow the use of its own national language.
The first Spanish Christians often bore surnames formed from the name of the godfather (for example, Morgado, Rodrigo, Taddeo, etc.). For this reason, the cross was sometimes called cross names, such as Abel de Morgues